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Papilionoidea

From Academic Kids

Papilionoidea
Kamehameha Butterfly
Kamehameha
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Subkingdom:Metazoa
Division:Rhopalocera
Phylum:Arthropoda
Subphylum:Hexapoda
Class:Insecta
Subclass:Pterygota
Infraclass:Neoptera
Superorder:Endopterygota
Order:Lepidoptera
Suborder:Ditrysia
Superfamily:Papilionoidea
Families

Papilionidae
Pieridae
Nymphalidae
Lycaenidae
Riodinidae
Libytheidae
Lyeacnidae

The superfamily Papilionoidea contains all the butterflies except for the skippers, which are classified in superfamily Hesperioidea.

Some authors treat this grouping as a series (Papilioniformes) within a single superfamily that also includes the skippers. However, all are agreed that, although all the butterflies constitute a single monophyletic clade, a distinction needs to be made between the skippers and the rest of the butterflies. Compared with the skippers, in the families that are here counted within Papilionoidea:

  • the body is smaller and less moth-like
  • the wings are larger
  • the antennae are straight and clubbed (rather than hooked as in the skippers)
  • the caterpillars do not spin cocoons to pupate in
  • the pupae are angular rather than rounded.

The families of Papilionoidea are:

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