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Dartmouth College

From Academic Kids

For other uses of the name Dartmouth, see Dartmouth. Template:Infobox University2 Dartmouth College is a private university in Hanover, New Hampshire, and a member of the Ivy League. Founded in 1769, it is the ninth-oldest college in the United States. In addition to its liberal arts undergraduate program, Dartmouth has medical, engineering, and business schools, as well as 18 graduate programs in the arts and sciences. For reasons of tradition the institution as a whole is named "Dartmouth College" and not "Dartmouth University." This distinction has been the source of recent tension between the College's administration--President James Wright has called Dartmouth "a university in all but name"--and alumni concerned about safeguarding Dartmouth's traditional undergraduate focus. With a total enrollment of about 5,700, Dartmouth is the smallest school in the Ivy League. Although its graduate schools, most notably the Tuck School of Business, consistently receive high marks in nationwide rankings, Dartmouth is best known for its undergraduate program, which receives the bulk of the College's attention and funding. Of Ivy League universities, Dartmouth, along with Brown and Princeton, emphasizes its undergraduate program over its graduate schools.

In 2005 Booz Allen Hamilton selected Dartmouth College as one of the World's 10 Most Enduring Institutions. Other institutions on the list included the U.S. Constitution, Oxford University, the Sony Corporation, General Electric,and the Modern Olympic Games. Dartmouth was the only US university or college on the list, and with Oxford, one of only two universities in the world to be so named. [1] (http://www.boozallen.com/bahng/SilverDemo?PID=Home.html&contType=TABLE&dispType=HTML&Region=&Geography=&Taxonomy1=&Taxonomy2=&Taxonomy3=&SortBy=creation+date+DESC,title+ASC&GroupBy=-1&FORM_ACTION=FOCUS&style=item&ITID=451148)

Dartmouth alumni are famously involved in their college, from Daniel Webster to the many donors in the 19th and 20th centuries. Over many generations, Dartmouth has had one of the very highest alumni donor participation rates.

Contents

The College

Baker Library at Dartmouth College
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Baker Library at Dartmouth College

Dartmouth was chartered in 1769 through efforts of three puritan ministers, the Revs. Eleazar Wheelock, Nathaniel Whittaker, and Samson Occom (an early Native American clergyman) under the royal charter of King George III of Great Britain. Dartmouth's original purpose was to provide for the "Christianization", instruction, and education of "Youth of the Indian Tribes in this Land ... and also of English Youth and any others." The ministers raised funds for the college in England through an English trust among whose benefactors and trustees were prominent English statemen, including King George III's Secretary of State for the Colonies in North America, William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth, for whom Dartmouth College is named. The fundraising was meant to support Wheelock's ongoing Connecticut institution of the 1740s, Moor's Indian Charity School (chartered 1754), but Wheelock applied the funds instead to establish Dartmouth College, the ninth and last colonial college. Classes began in 1770 and the College granted its first degrees in 1771.

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Painting by Robert Clayton Burns (1962) depicting Daniel Webster and the Dartmouth College Case

In 1819, Dartmouth College was the subject of the historic Dartmouth College case, in which the State of New Hampshire attempted to amend the College's royal charter to make the school a public university. An institution called Dartmouth University occupied the buildings and began operating in Hanover, though the College continued teaching classes in rented rooms nearby. Daniel Webster, an alumnus of the class of 1801, presented the College's case to the Supreme Court, which found the amendment of Dartmouth's charter to be an illegal impairment of a contract by the state and prevented New Hampshire from taking over the college. Webster concluded his peroration with the words,

It is, Sir, as I have said, a small college. And yet there are those who love it.

Dartmouth's motto is Vox Clamantis in Deserto, "The voice of one crying out in the wilderness" (a reference to John the Baptist as well as to the college's location on what was once the frontier of European settlement). The school's color is "Dartmouth Green", a forest green. The sports teams go by the name "Big Green", a nineteenth-century nickname The teams' former mascot, the Dartmouth Indian, no longer is used, however, a new mascot has since been devised by the college humor magazine, the Jack-O-Lantern (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~jacko/). The notorious 'Keggy (http://www.thedartmouth.com/article.php?aid=2004021601020)' is an animated beer keg who makes frequent appearances at college sporting events and has received unofficial approval by the student government. Dartmouth was strictly a men's college until 1972, when women were first admitted as full-time students and undergraduate degree candidates.

At about the same time as coeducation, Dartmouth adopted its unique "D Plan", a schedule of year-round operation that allowed an increase in the enrollment (with the addition of women) without enlarging campus accommodations. The year is divided into four terms corresponding with the seasons; students are required to be in residence for at least one summer during their college career, and spend at least one autumn, winter, or spring term on leave. One wag described it as a way to put 4,000 students into 3,000 beds. Although new dormitories have been built since, the number of students has also increased and the D Plan remains in effect.

Dartmouth is governed by its Board of Trustees, which includes the college President, the state Governor, seven other (Charter) trustees nominated by the board itself, and seven (Alumni) trustees selected by the Association of Alumni of Dartmouth College, a body created in 1854 that represents over 60,000 alumni.

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Lithograph of Wentworth Hall, Dartmouth Hall, and Thornton Hall, circa 1834.

At the centerpiece of today's Dartmouth College lies its undergraduate branch of roughly 4,000 students, which constitutes one of the most selective undergraduate institutions in the world. Throughout the most recent admissions cycle, 12, 757 students applied for only 1,050 places in the class, and only 16.8% of applicants were admitted. The average SAT score of admitted students is 1461, and 46% are accepted students of color. Alongside the undergraduate college lies a small graduate school and three professional institutes, the Dartmouth Medical School (1797), the Thayer School of Engineering (1867), and the Tuck School of Business (1900). With these graduate programs, conventional American usage would accord Dartmouth the label of "university"; but for historical and nostalgic reasons (such as the Dartmouth College case) the school as a point of pride continues to use "Dartmouth College" for the entire institution, rather than just the undergraduate liberal-arts program.

Famous graduates and students include US Senator Daniel Webster, Chief Justice of the United States Salmon P. Chase of Ohio, Theodor Seuss Geisel (renowned children's author Dr. Seuss), poet Robert Frost, and Vice President Nelson Rockefeller of New York.

The screenplay for the film Animal House was cowritten by Chris Miller '63 and is based loosely on a series of 1974 fictional stories he wrote about his fraternity days at Dartmouth, including "The Night of the Seven Fires." In a CNN interview, John Landis said the movie was "based on Chris Miller's real fraternity at Dartmouth." In an interview with The Dartmouth, Miller said that at least one incident in the film—one in which a Delta Tau Chi brother skis down the stairs as the band plays "Shout"—occurred at an Alpha Delta party at Dartmouth. The movie was filmed at the University of Oregon.

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Dartmouth Hall, as of 2005.

Presidents of Dartmouth College (the Wheelock Succession)

•  Eleazar Wheelock (17691779)
•  John Wheelock (17791815)
•  Francis Brown (18151820)
•  Daniel Dana (18201850)
•  Bennett Tyler (18221828)
•  Nathan Lord (18281863)
•  Asa Dodge Smith (18631877)
•  Samuel Colcord Bartlett   (18771892)
•  William Jewett Tucker (1861)   (18931909)
•  Ernest Fox Nichols (19091916)
•  Ernest Martin Hopkins (1901) (19161945)
•  John Sloan Dickey (1929) (19451970)
•  John G. Kemeny (19701981) -- invented BASIC, the computer language
•  David T. McLaughlin (1954, Tuck 1955) (19811987)
•  James O. Freedman (19871998)
•  James Wright (1998– )

Facilities

The Hopkins Center

The Hopkins Center (http://hop.dartmouth.edu/) ("the Hop") houses the college's drama, music, film, and studio arts departments, as well as a woodshop, pottery studio, and jewelry studio which are open for use by students and the public. Its front faade is similar to that of Manhattan’s Lincoln Center, a later design by the famed architect Wallace Harrison. Facilities include two recital halls and one large auditorium. It is also the location of all student mailboxes and the Courtyard Caf dining facility. The Hop is connected to the Hood Museum of Art and the Loew Auditorium, where films are shown. The Hopkins Center is an important New Hampshire performance venue.

Nelson A. Rockefeller Center

The Nelson A. Rockefeller Center is a center for interaction and discussion on public policy. Dedicated in 1983, the center stands in tribute to Nelson A. Rockefeller (Class of 1930). Known on campus as Rocky, the Center provides students, faculty and community-members opportunities to discuss and learn about public policy, law, and politics. Sponsoring lunch and dinner discussions with prominent faculty and visitors, the Center aides provides close interaction and discussion.

The Rockefeller Center has established a Public-Policy Minor at Dartmouth College and an exchange program on political economy with Oxford University (Keble College). In addition, the Center provides grants to students engaged in public-policy research and/or activities.

John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding

The John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding was established in 1982 to honor Dartmouth's twelfth president (1945-70), John Sloan Dickey. The purpose of the Dickey Center is to "coordinate, sustain, and enrich the international dimension of liberal arts education at Dartmouth." To this end, the Dickey Center is committed to helping Dartmouth students prepare for a world in which local, national and global concerns are more strongly linked than ever. It strives to promote quality scholarly research at Dartmouth concerning international problems and issues, with an emphasis on work that is innovative and cross-disciplinary. And it seeks to heighten public awareness and to stimulate debate on pressing international issues.

Aquatic facilities

Alumni Gymnasium hosts two pools, the Karl Michael Competition Pool and the Spaulding Pool. Together they comprise a total of fifteen 25-yard lanes and two 50-meter lanes. The Karl Michael Pool, constructed in 1962, was designed by former Dartmouth College Men's Varsity Swim team captain R. Jackson Smith, class of 1936. In 1970, it was formally named the Karl Michael Pool, after the coach of the men's varsity swim team from 1939-1970. The pool features eleven 25-yard lanes, with a special bulkhead that can be lowered to create two 50 meter lanes. The pool area has a seating area for 1,200 spectators. The Michael Pool hosted the 1968 Men's NCAA (http://www.ncaa.org/) Championships, in which several American records were set. The pool also features one and three meter diving boards, with a water well 12 to 14 feet deep.

Adjacent is the Spaulding Pool. Spaulding Pool is a 10 by 25 yard pool constructed during 1919 and 1920 and designed by Rich & Mathesius, Architects. The Spaulding Pool is one of the oldest continuously operating pools in the United States. The pool's interior walls feature original encaustic tiles apparently designed by noted ceramist Leon Victor Solon. The pool has seating for several hundred spectators. Both pools are currently used by the Men's and Women's Varsity Swim Teams, as well as a host of other programs within the college.

Student Life

Musical activities

As of 2004, student musical groups include the Barbary Coast Jazz Ensemble, the Dartmouth Glee Club, the Dartmouth Chamber Singers, the Dartmouth Aires, the Dartmouth Cords, the Dartmouth Dodecaphonics, the Dartmouth Gospel Choir, the Handel Society of Dartmouth College, the Dartmouth College Marching Band, the Dartmouth Rockapellas, the Dartmouth Symphony Orchestra, the Dartmouth Wind Symphony, and the World Music Percussion Ensemble.

The Dartmouth Wind Symphony is comprised mostly of non-music majors. In addition to performing on campus, each winter it presents a joint concert another college or university's wind ensemble, such as Yale University, MIT, McGill University, and the New England Conservatory.

A cappella singing groups

The Dartmouth Aires

Originally formed as the Injunaires in 1946 as a offshoot of the college Glee Club, the Aires broke with the Glee Club in the late 1970s.

Although the Aires usually have about sixteen members, group numbers vary on a term-to-term basis. Auditions are held at the beginning of every fall term. Members of the Aires pick what songs to arrange based on the group's tastes. Because the Aires are such a diverse group of people, they end up singing a lot of different styles. Currently, much of the repertoire consists of popular songs from the 1980s and 90s, but it also includes many traditional Dartmouth songs, a few 1950s and 1960s tunes, selected Hip Hop tracks, and the occasional musical theater piece.

Most of the arrangements consist of a soloist, a dozen or so people singing background, and a vocal percussionist. The background of arrangements consists of a series of complex "instrument-like" syllables that, when sung together, resemble the background of the original song.

The Aires perform an average of once or twice a week at Dartmouth. They frequently take weekend road-trips, singing at other colleges, high schools, and Dartmouth alumni clubs. Every winter break, the Aires tour the Eastern Seaboard, while travelling further afield every spring. Recent spring tours have taken them to Paris, Italy, Colorado, a few of the Hawaiian Islands, and California.

Recent Aires accolades include winning the Contemporary A Cappella Recording Award (CARA) (http://www.casa.org) for Best All-Male Collegiate Album for both their 2003 and 2005 album releases, as well as selection for Varsity Vocals' (http://www.varsityvocals.com) Best Of Collegiate Acappella (http://www.varsityvocals.com/boca/) compilation CD in 2003 and 2005.

Dartmouth Cords

The Dartmouth Cords (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~cords) are an all-male singing group which was founded in 1996 and have usually consisted of around 15 members. The Cords are known for wearing corduroy pants to every performance. Their eclectic repertoire has always included pop, rock, hip-hop, and Dartmouth songs. Voice parts include tenors, baritones, basses and vocal percussionists. The group incorporates choreography, comedic skits and visual media to enhance their shows.

Auditions for the group are held at the beginning of every fall term. Every Winter term, the Cords go on a Winter Tour traveling to sing at colleges and venues throughout the country. Every Spring term, the group holds a Sing-Out, where Cord alumni from past years come back to Dartmouth to sing Cords’ songs old and new.

The Cords’ latest CD, Elements of Style 2002 has won awards from the national collegiate A Cappella organizations CASA and Varsity Vocals. Their other recordings include Against the Grain 1999 and Accordingly 1997.

Dartmouth Dodecaphonics

The Dartmouth Dodecaphonics (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~dodecs/home.html) (Dodecs) is an a cappella group created in 1984. They sing mainly contemporary pop music, with arrangements by such artists and groups as The Calling, Maroon 5, Guster, Evanescence, and Alanis Morissette. They also sing doo-wop favorites, '80s songs, traditionals, Dartmouth songs, and sometimes disco. Dodex was the first Dartmouth group to be recognized on Boca, a compilation a cappella CD, with their rendition of the Smashing Pumpkins' "Drown." As of 2004, they are working on their fifth album.

Dartmouth Rockapellas

The Dartmouth Rockapellas (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~rckaplla) (often called "The Rocks") is one of three all-female a cappella groups on the campus. They were founded on February 7th, 1989 with a musical and also a political purpose: to spread social awareness by performing "freedom songs."

The Rockapellas has typically consisted of around 16 members from diverse backgrounds. Their repertoire of over 100 songs includes hip-hop, country and pop. They have toured the United States, the Bahamas and Hawaii, competed in the International Championship of Collegiate Acappella ICCA (http://www.varsityvocals.com/icca/) tournament, and have been featured on Varsity Vocals' Best Of Collegiate Acappella (http://www.varsityvocals.com/boca/) CD.

The Rockapellas' recordings include BARE 2003, Velvet Rocks 1999, Think On These Things 1996, and Off the Track 1994 and, Definitions 1992.

Dartmouth Wind Symphony

Consisting mostly of non-music majors, the Dartmouth Wind Symphony (http://www.hop.dartmouth.edu/Pages/Ensembles/general/wind_general.html) (DWS) performs three official concerts a year, one each academic term (except for summer), at the college's performing arts center.

The DWS also plays joint concerts each winter term with another college or university's wind ensemble. Past exchanges have taken place with Yale, MIT, McGill, and the New England Conservatory. On these exchanges, the DWS plays one half of the concert while the visiting school plays the other. The DWS also visits the other school and plays half the concert there.

The DWS has hosted many special guests for its concerts, including the New York Philharmonic's Phil Smith, and the long-running star of Broadway's Phantom of the Opera, Ted Keegan. These guests usually play a few selections with the Wind Symphony as well as solo pieces on their own.

Dartmouth College Marching Band

Formed during the 1890s, the Marching Band! is a "scatter band" like every Ivy League Marching Band but Cornell's. For each game the band writes a halftime show that is read over the loudspeaker as the band scrambles into formation and then plays a song related to the show. Past formations have included a pair of bagels, Carl Sagan's telescope, a Hanover Police car, a bacterium, and an amoeba.

The band continues to play the old fight songs that have been played at football games for nearly a century. These songs include "Dartmouth's in Town Again," "Come Stand Up Then," "As the Backs Go Tearing By," and "Glory to Dartmouth." The conclusion of each game is cause to play Dartmouth's Alma Mater, to which audience members sing.

The band boasts many skilled musicians, even some music majors, but it also includes a kazoo section as well as a "liquid percussion" section, in which kegs and jugs are used as percussion instruments.

Every Dartmouth Night Weekend the band doubles in size as alumni come back, wearing sweaters knitted by the Faculty Advisor's wife, and march with the band. Some alumni have come back for more than 50 homecomings.

The uniform consist of white pants and a green blazer for football games and green-and-white striped rugby shirts for basketball and hockey games. Band performances at the latter two sports permit regrettably little opportunity for actual marching.

The band's goofy nature and non-traditional attire sets it apart from the other Ivy League Marching Bands. The band's numbers have dwindled in recent years due to their inability to rally the student body at sporting events.

The band's motto, which distinguishes it from many groups on campus for its non-Latin origin, is "The Band Always Wins!" and "Hey Band!-Hey What!" The Dartmouth College Marching Band!, as of 5 May 2005 has changed their posters, web sites, and assorted material to reflect the addition of the exclamation point to their name.

Dartmouth College Marching Band (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~dcmb)

Drama and performance

The Harlequins is the only student-run musical production organization at Dartmouth College. It was founded in 1995 and produces musicals. Its first production was Godspell, a musical about the new testament written by Stephen Schwartz, performed in Dartmouth Hall in 1995. Other productions have included Guys and Dolls, A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum(2001) by Stephen Sondheim, Taxi-Cabaret(2002), Jesus Christ Superstar, Love, Sex and Everything in Between(a revue done in fall,2002), A Chorus Line(2003), Little Shop of Horrors(2003) by Alan Menken, That's Entertainment(a revue done in fall, 2003), The Last Five Years (By Jason Robert Brown) (2004), Pippin(2004)(By Stephen Schwartz), You're A Good Man, Charlie Brown(2004) and the first summer show A Summer Revue produced in 2004. The Summer Revue consisted of 18 musical numbers from musicals as diverse as Adam Guettel's Myths and Hymns, Cy Coleman's City of Angels, Andrew Lloyd Webber's Sunset Boulevard, and Jason Robert Brown's Songs For a New World. As of 2004, the group consists of over 300 student singers, intrumentalists, production staff-members and officers, and hopes to put on additional shows at Dartmouth each term in the coming year.

Winter Carnival

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Snow Sculpture at the 2004 Dartmouth Winter Carnival.

Winter Carnival is, as of 2004, a 94-year-old tradition at Dartmouth College and was particularly famous during the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s.

The Dartmouth Outing Club, founded in 1909, organized a winter weekend "field day" in 1910. This was an athletic event centered on skiing, a sport which the Outing Club helped to pioneer and publicize on a national scale. In 1911 the event was named Winter Carnival, social events were added, and women were invited to attend. By 1919 the emphasis had shifted to dances organized by fraternities. Special trains made runs to transport women guests to Dartmouth, and National Geographic Magazine referred to it as "the Mardi Gras of the North." The event became famous, much as Spring Break in Fort Lauderdale was to be during the 1950s and 1960s.

Carnival was the subject of the frothy 1939 motion picture comedy Winter Carnival, starring Ann Sheridan, who plays a former Winter Carnival Queen of the Snows who has made a bad marriage to a European duke and revisits Dartmouth in an attempt to save her younger sister, the current Queen, from repeating her mistake with a European count.

The movie is remembered mostly for its extracinematic associations; F. Scott Fitzgerald and Dartmouth alumnus Budd Schulberg were hired to write the screenplay. While gathering background in Hanover during Carnival, Fitzgerald became scandalously drunk at fraternities and was forced to leave the project. Although portions of his work were used, he was not given a writer's credit. The events and personalities bear a resemblance to those recounted in Schulberg's novel, The Disenchanted.

Winter Carnival takes place each year on a weekend in February and include such events as ski competitions at the Dartmouth Skiway; a polar bear swim; a cappella and jazz concerts; a human dogsled race; a drag ball; and a showing of the 1939 movie. Students build a large Carnival-themed snow sculpture on the college Green. The 1987 sculpture held the Guinness record for the "tallest snowman." The sculpture in 2004 reflected the famous character 'The Cat in the Hat,' in honor of the 100th birthday of Dartmouth alumnus and creater of the character, Dr. Seuss.

Numerous parties are thrown by the campus's fraternities and sororities. In 1999, students cancelled their parties to protest other administration policies.

Dartmouth Night

Dartmouth Night starts the college's traditional "Homecoming" weekend with an evening of speeches, a parade, and a bonfire. Traditionally the freshman class builds the bonfire and then runs around it a set number of times; the class of 2006 performed 106 circuits, the class of 1999 performed 99.

President William Jewett Tucker introduced the ceremony of Dartmouth Night in 1895. The evening of speeches celebrated the accomplishments of the college's alumni. Originally the event took place in the Old Chapel in Dartmouth Hall, but over time other events began to become more important and popular and Dartmouth Night moved outdoors.

The focus of Dartmouth Night is the bonfire. Students had built bonfires during the late nineteenth century to celebrate sports victories, including one in 1888 that recognized a baseball victory over Manchester. An editorial in The Dartmouth criticized that fire, saying:

It disturbed the slumbers of a peaceful town, destroyed some property, made the boys feel that they were being men, and in fact did no one any good.

The students nevertheless continued to build bonfires before and after athletic events, and by the mid-twentieth century bonfires would be associated with Dartmouth Night.

Richard Hovey's Men of Dartmouth was elected as the best of all the songs of the College at Dartmouth Night in 1896, and today it serves as the school's alma mater. In 1904, the Earl of Dartmouth visited the campus on Dartmouth Night with New Hampshire politician and author Winston Churchill and marched around the Green with the students. Early on, the tradition of reading out telegrams (later e-mail messages) sent that night from alumni clubs around the country began.

Football first began to be associated with Dartmouth Night during the 1920s. Memorial Field was dedicated on Dartmouth Night in 1923. For decades the raucous pre-football rallies remained separate from the dignified official activities. In 1936, the College first began the tradition of football games during this weekend; ten years later the formal College events and the rally were combined in a single grand event, and for the first time Dartmouth Night was intentionally scheduled on what is called Dartmouth Night Weekend.

During the 1950s, students adopted a star-hexagon-square structure for the bonfire. Following the tragic bonfire accident at Texas A&M in 1999, the school hired professionals to do some of the building; nevertheless the night still remains a highlight of the school year.

Clubs

Dartmouth Mountaineering Club

Founded in 1936 by Jack Durrance, the Dartmouth Mountaineering Club (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~mountain/general.shtml) (DMC) is part of Dartmouth College's Outing Club (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~doc/). It is a student-run club dedicated to exploring climbing around the world and introducing beginners to the sport. The nearby climbing areas most frequented by members of the club are Winslow Cliffs near the Dartmouth Skiway (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~skiway/); Rumney, an East Coast sport climbing venue that attracts climbers from as far away as Montreal and Boston; Cannon Cliff in Franconia; and Cathedral and Whitehorse Ledges near North Conway. Every term, the club runs four beginner trips out to either Rumney or Winslow, one intermediate/advanced trip to Cathedral or Cannon, and one weekend trip to the Shawangunks in New Paltz, New York. In the winter, DMC clubbers ice climb at Holt's Ledge, Rumney, and Crawford Notch on Mt. Washington. When spring break rolls around, the DMC ventures out West to climb in a warmer locale for two weeks. For the past two years, Red Rocks, Nevada has been the destination of choice.

DMC members seeking adventure can apply for money from the Mountaineering Club Expeditionary Fund. Initially established in 1963 as the John E. Breitenbach Memorial Fund and later renamed in 1973, its stated purpose is to fund expeditions planned and executed by club members. After their travels, once they are back on campus, the students present a slide-show of their experiences to the Dartmouth community, so sharing what they learned and accomplished.

Dartmouth Film Society

The Dartmouth Film Society (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~hop/0304_pages/dfs-description.html) is one of America's oldest student-run film societies. Established in 1949 by Maurice Rapf '35 [2] (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/releases/2003/april/041603.html), and Blair Watson, the DFS is an important center of film culture in the Upper Valley area.

The DFS presents a themed series of twenty or so films each academic term. "The Open Road," for example, featured road movies, while "Breakthroughs" presented the breakthrough films of various directors, writers, and actors. The films are projected twice weekly onto a 16-by-28-foot (5-by-8.5-meter) screen in the college's arts center auditorium and are open to the public.

The film society meets regularly to discuss the films exhibited and to develop new series proposals.

The DFS also organizes annual tributes to film artists; honorees have included Meryl Streep, Buck Henry, Johnny Depp, Sean Penn, and Budd Schulberg.

Athletics

As of 2004 Dartmouth College hosts 34 varsity sports: sixteen for men, sixteen for women, and coeducational sailing and equestrian programs. This place it among the top United States colleges and universities in this regard. In addition, there are twenty-three club sports and twenty-four intramural sports.

Nicknamed "The Big Green," Dartmouth's varsity athletic teams (http://athletics.dartmouth.edu/) compete in NCAA (http://www.ncaa.org/) Division 1 as well as in the eight-member Ivy League conference, which includes Harvard (http://www.harvard.edu/), Princeton (http://www.princeton.edu/), Yale (http://www.yale.edu/), Brown (http://www.brown.edu/), Columbia (http://www.columbia.edu/), Cornell (http://www.cornell.edu) and the University of Pennsylvania (http://www.upenn.edu/). Some teams also participate in the ECAC (http://www.ecac.org/index) (Eastern Collegiate Athletic Conference). Dartmouth athletics have earned several high honors, excelling in NCAA championships ranging from track and field to basketball, cross country to soccer, as well as skiing, golf, lacrosse and diving.

Dartmouth hosts many athletic venues. Dartmouth College Alumni Gymnasium, the center of athletic life at Dartmouth, is home of the Dartmouth College Aquatic facilities, basketball courts, squash and racket ball courts, indoor track, fencing lanes as well as a rowing training center. The college also maintains both indoor and outdoor track facilities, hockey arena, football stadium, rowing boat house, and tennis complex.

As is true of all Ivy League schools, Dartmouth College does not offer athletic scholarships, yet is home to many student athletes. Currently many as three-quarters of Dartmouth undergraduates participate in some form of athletics, and one-quarter of Dartmouth students play a varsity sport at some point during their undergraduate years.

Dartmouth Womens Crew

Coached by Molly McHugh, Kate Woll, and Chris Schmidt, the Dartmouth Womens Crew (http://athletics.dartmouth.edu/sports/w-crew/dart-w-crew-body.html) ranks among the most competitive college programs in the country. The team considers itself very lucky to have the Connecticut River as its rowing venue. The stretch of more than 15 miles of rowable river is only used by Dartmouth crews, Hanover High School crews, and local scullers, so water time is not hard to schedule and traffic is minimal. Highlights of rowing on the Connecticut include frequent flat water and gorgeous leaves in the fall. Drawbacks include the late thawing of the ice in the spring and the challenge of avoiding icebergs during the first week back on the water.
Women’s rowing at Dartmouth was founded as a varsity sport in 1975. Over the past 30 years of rowing the team has graduated three rowers who went on to compete in the Olympics. This reputation has made for a very popular program. Each year the team avidly recruits inexperienced freshmen to walk on, welcoming them to make an impact on the team. These walk-ons make up more than half of the team while the rest are recruited women, totaling nearly 60 at the beginning of the fall. Through cuts and self-selection, the freshmen compete in two or more eights by the time spring season comes around. They are led by a large varsity team, generally made up of around 30 women.

The team puts in about 16 practice hours a week, consisting of long endurance building rows, short piece workouts, and weight training. Every day, each member of the team pushes herself past her limits. While the fall and spring are spent on the water, the most important training of the year is done in the winter. Indoor facilities consist of over 30 ergs, an indoor rowing tank and Manley Weight Training Gym in the Dartmouth Athletic Center. The Friends of Dartmouth Rowing Boathouse boat bays are converted into winter training facilities. Here the team is able to practice on slide ergs on which trains of four erg together, practicing following as they erg.
The Friends of Dartmouth Rowing Boathouse serves as the home for the Womens Crew. It is this building, completed in 1985, where the women of the crew can be found six days a week training for competition. As part of one of the most competitive college leagues in the nation, the EAWRC (http://www.row2k.com/eawrc/), the women set lofty goals each year in hopes of further program growth and success.

Dartmouth Film Society

The Dartmouth Film Society is one of America's oldest student-run film societies. Established in 1949 by Maurice Rapf, class of '35, and Blair Watson class of '21, the DFS is still thriving today as the hub of film culture at Dartmouth College and in the Upper Valley.

Committed to fostering a greater appreciation and understanding of cinema, the DFS provides a program of 20 or so films to be shown each academic term. These films are all bound together by a common theme; past series have included "The Open Road," a program featuring road movies, and "Breakthroughs," featuring the breakthrough films of various directors, writers, and actors. The films are projected twice weekly onto the giant 16-by-28-foot screen in the college's arts center auditorium and are open to students, faculty, and the public. Aside from the films in the program series, the DFS also plays several specials every term; these can range from sneak previews of upcoming films to hard-to-find rarities like a collection of Academy Award nominated short films.

Members of the film society meet once a week to discuss the films exhibited the past week and, at the end of each term, debate series proposals. Anyone can submit a series, as long as it has a decent variety of older films, new films, documentaries, foreign films, and silents. The Directorate of the film society, about 25 students and community members, actually vote on the series.

The DFS also organizes annual tributes to worthy film artists. Such distinguished filmmakers as Meryl Streep, Buck Henry, Johnny Depp, Sean Penn, and Budd Schulberg have all received honors from the DFS.

Senior Societies

Student literary or fraternal societies of Dartmouth College date back to 1783. Starting in the late nineteenth century, students began creating societies for each of the four class years. Only the senior societies survive from those early class societies, and new ones have been added in recent years. Six of the eight senior societies keep their membership secret until Commencement, when members of all senior societies may be identified by their carved canes. About 25% of the senior class members are affiliated with a senior society today. Senior societies are Abaris, Casque & Gauntlet, Cobra, Dragon Fire & Skoal, Gryphon, Phoenix and Sphinx.

Casque & Gauntlet

Casque & Gauntlet was founded in 1886 and continues to operate as of 2005. In 1893 the group moved to its current location at 1 South Main Street, a house built by Dr. Samuel Alden in 1823, and the society installed a rear addition designed by alumnus and Paterson, New Jersey architect Fred Wesley Wentworth in 1915. Notable members of past delegations include Theodor Seuss Geisel (Dr. Seuss) and Nelson Rockefeller.


Sphinx

Sphinx was founded in 1885 and continues to operate as of 2005. In 1903 the group moved to its current location on East Wheelock Street, a mausoleum designed by Manchester, New Hampshire architect William Butterfield, and during the 1920s the society installed a rear addition designed by noted campus planner Jens Fredrick Larson. The society taps a new "Krewe" each year.

Dragon

Dragon was founded in 1898 and continues to operate as of 2005. The society has occupied at least four locations in Hanover: rented rooms; a house at 21 North Main Street (by 1905); the Kappa Kappa Kappa Hall on College Street (vacated by Kappa Kappa Kappa ca. 1894 and occupied by Dragon beginning ca. 1905-1917, remodeled by Dragon 1917, no longer standing); a hall on Elm Street designed by Larson (1931-1996); and the current hall on College Street at the edge of College Park designed by Randall Mudge (1996).

Dartmouth broadcasting

Dartmouth Broadcasting

Native Americans at Dartmouth

Native Americans at Dartmouth College

See also

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