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Communications in Mali

From Academic Kids

Telephones - main lines in use: 45,000 (2000)

Telephones - mobile cellular: 40,000 (2001)

There are two mobile telephone operators, Ikatel (a subsidiary of Sonatel, of Senegal) and Malitel (a subsidiary of SOTELMA, the state owned telecommunications company).

In June of 2003, legislation passed allowing other telecommunications operators to enter the market.

Telephone system: domestic system unreliable but improving; provides only minimal service
domestic: network consists of microwave radio relay, open wire, and radiotelephone communications stations; expansion of microwave radio relay in progress
international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean)

Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, shortwave 1 (this is suspicious) Mali has since 1994 when law allowed for private (as in non-state) radios to begin operating. Foreign funding, and some commercial funding (mostly in the capital) have helped to established 160 FM stations in Mali, though many of those are small community "suitcase radio stations". Private radio stations are members (mandatory) of URTEL, the radio union http://urtel.radio.org.ml.

The state operated radio, is ORTM (office de Radio et Television de Mali), which operates 2 FM stations and 1 television station, with repeaters throughout the country.


note: The shortwave station in Bamako has seven frequencies and five transmitters and relays broadcasts for China Radio International (2001)

Radios: 570,000 (1997)

Television broadcast stations: 1 (plus repeaters) (2001)

Televisions: 45,000 (1997)

Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 13 (2001) There are an estimated 24 private internet service providers. Recently an association has been formed called AFIM (association de fournisseurs de Internet au Mali), which is intended to represent these providers.

SOTELMA the state telecom, provides X.25 and dial-up telephone services. Many operators offer dial-up internet service, and wireless internet services. Most ISPs are small Bamako based providers with a VSAT connection, a cyber cafe and use wireless systems (Alviron, 802.11a,b,g, Motorola) to share their service with their clients. Bamako has at least 21 wireless providers, ranging from small VSAT operators, to sophisticated, multi-access point, full services providers.

Internet users: 30,000 (2002)

Country code (Top level domain): ML

See also : Mali
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