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Afghanistan timeline October 2001

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Afghanistan timeline

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October 26, 2001

  • Abdul Haq was arrested by the Taliban and executed within hours by the militia. Haq was accused of trying to stir tribal revolt against its regime.

October 25, 2001

October 19, 2001

  • About 3,500 Afghan refugees poured into Pakistan, fleeing heavy night time attacks by U.S. aircraft on the Taliban stronghold of Kandahar. The UNHCR estimated that 10,000 had arrived in Baluchistan province in the last six days. Pakistan closed its borders in an effort to prevent a flood of new refugees, which aid officials estimated could number a million or more if unchecked.
  • Army Ranger Pfc. Kristofor Stonesifer, 28, and Spc. John J. Edmunds, 20, were killed in the crash of a Black Hawk in Pakistan.

October 18, 2001

October 17, 2001

October 16, 2001

October 15, 2001

October 14, 2001

  • U.S. warplanes started to drop leaflets in hopes of convincing the Afghan people that they are not the targets of the ongoing strikes. One of the leaflets showed a western soldier shaking hands with a man in traditional Afghan garb, while another gave the frequencies and times of American broadcasts.

October 12, 2001

  • United States air attacks continued for a fifth straight day over Afghanistan. Bombers, carrier-based fighter aircraft and Tomahawk cruise missiles struck at multiple targets, including military installations, airports and radio transmitters. Local reports say that Kabul was attacked after 8 PM. Utilizing 5,000 pound, laser-guided bunker buster bombs, US government officials said the aim of the operations was to take out Taliban defensive infrastructure, hit Taliban units on the ground, and take out underground bunkers occupied by Taliban personnel and al Qaeda terrorists.

October 11, 2001

  • Reports of United States bombings in Jalalabad, Afghanistan.
  • The Bush administration said they are concerned that the Taliban regime could collapse before an interim government could be established, creating a power vacuum. As a result, the administration stepped up efforts to shape an interim government composed of Afghanistan's previously warring opposition forces and ethnic groups.
  • At a news conference, U.S. President George W. Bush stressed the need for the United States to remain engaged in Afghanistan to make sure "that all parties, all interested parties, have an opportunity to be part of a new government," but that the United Nations should take over the responsibility for "stabilization of a future government" after U.S. military action ceases.
  • Concerned that the U.S. bombing campaign could push the Taliban from power faster than a transition administration could be put in place, Barnett Rubin, an Afghanistan expert at New York University, urged the creation of a joint United Nations and Organization of the Islamic Conference that would include Turkey, Jordan, Morocco and Bangladesh. Although all are Islamic countries, none borders on Afghanistan, thus avoiding a scramble for dominance by neighboring states.
  • U.N. officials said they were concerned about getting involved in either administration or peacekeeping in Afghanistan because of its heavily armed and feuding factions.
  • U.S. Marine Corps Maj. Gen. Henry Osman said that U.S. forces refrained for political reasons from coordinating their targets with Northern Alliance commanders even though the airstrikes had helped these opposition fighters.
  • The United States said it saw Mohammed Zahir Shah as the unifying, transitional figure who could preside over a loya jirga of 120 delegates. The United States was involved in detailed talks on allotting seats in the supreme council; tentative plans included 50 seats for the Northern Alliance, 50 seats for the king's followers and 20 seats for other groups.

October 8, 2001

October 7, 2001

October 4, 2001

  • United States president George W. Bush announced that the US is to provide an extra $320M in aid to help Afghanistan's impoverished people during the coming winter. The money will be spent on food and medicines.

October 3, 2001

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