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1791 in Canada

From Academic Kids

See also: 1790 in Canada, other events of 1791, 1792 in Canada and the list of 'years in Canada'.


Events

  • 1791-95 - British Captain George Vancouver explores Northwest Coast exhaustively with two ships, but finds no Northwest Passage.
  • Edmund Burke supports the proposed constitution for Canada, saying that: "To attempt to amalgamate two populations, composed of races of men diverse in language, laws and habitudes, is a complete absurdity. Let the proposed constitution be founded on man's nature, the only solid basis for an enduring government.
  • Fox declares that England can retain Canada "through the good will of the Canadians, alone."
  • Lord Grenville, denying that Canadian attachment to French jurisprudence is due to prejudice, says it is founded "on the noblest sentiments of the human breast."
  • George Vancouver leaves England to explore the coast; Alejandro Malaspina explores the northwest coast for Spain.
  • In response to Loyalist demands, the Constitutional Act of 1791 divides Quebec into Lower Canada (mostly French) and Upper Canada (mostly English from America). In so doing, the Crown hopes to create a stable socity that is distinctly non-American. Although French-Canadians retain the privileges granted by the Quebec Act, the Anglican church receives preferred status. An Anglo-French colonial aristocracy of rich merchants, leading officials, and landholders is expected to work with the royal governors to ensure proper order. Legislative assemblies, although elected by propertied voters, have little power. The threat of revolution, it appears, has been banished.

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